What do we know about the challenges of living in Russia?
Domestic violence was decriminalised in February 2017 in Russia. If your spouse (or any family member) beat you, but not severely enough to hospitalise you, and it’s their first offence, they will no longer go to prison for two years. It is considered a 'family matter', transferring what were previously criminal offenses to administrative offenses.
They may now receive a fine of around £333* or up to 15 days in prison.
12,000 women are killed a year in Russia as a result of domestic violence.
According to activists, nearly 16.5 million women in Russia suffer domestic violence every year. This is 21% of women (population of 78.57 million women). This compares to 5% in the UK (1.6 million women abused out of population of 33.75 million women).
Every fourth family in the country has experienced violence of different forms.
Two-thirds of homicides are caused by family members. This is one of the highest proportions in the world (placing Russia among countries like Iran, Yemen and Liberia).
Up to 40% of all serious violent crimes are committed within families.
Approximately one woman is killed due to domestic violence in Russia every 40 minutes. This compares to about two women a week being killed by domestic violence in the UK. As a woman in Russia you are 50 times more likely to be killed than in the UK.
There are around 50 shelters in Russia offering women refuge from domestic violence (serving population of 16.5 million domestic violence victims) compared to 261 refuges in the UK (serving population of 1.6 million domestic violence victims).
Video on domestic violence situation in Russia: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rUVoIODBEz8&t=10s
Drug and Alcohol Addiction
Alcoholism has long been a problem in Russia; 20.9% of Russians are alcohol dependent compared to 8.7% in the UK.
However, there has also been a recent shift toward illicit drugs. It is very challenging to find recent data on levels of drug dependency in Russia. However, some sources suggest that it's around 5% of the population.
Most of the Russian healthcare system is ill equipped to respond to addictions. Many treatment centres still use out-dated 'cold turkey' approaches rather than evidence based modern approaches.
Proportionally 3 times more people in Russia die by suicide each year in Russia than in the UK. 25.1 people commit suicide per 100,000 people each year in Russia. This compares to 7.9 people each year in the UK. Quite a shocking difference.
Russia is among the worst affected 10 countries in the world when it comes to suicide and this reflects on substantial mental health issues faced by large numbers of the Russian population and also connects to social issues such as poverty, addictions and homelessness.
Large numbers of Russian children are still living in orphanages. In 2020, 514,869 children were formally placed into care in Russia. This is 1.67% of children under 17 years old, compared to 0.65% in England.
All have experienced ACEs (such as domestic abuse within the family, addicted parents, poverty and homelessness). This, combined with the experience of separation/abandonment result in lives affected for the long term.
Find out more about adverse childhood experiences here.
Available data on Russian orphanage leavers show that 10% commit suicide, 40% go to prison, 40% become alcoholics and drug addicts.
The monthly minimum wage in Russia as of Jan 1, 2023 amounts to 16,242 Russian rubles (£180*). Pensions/benefits can be even less (Those we support typically report receiving around 8,000 RUB per month/£89*).
To put that into perspective; utilities amount to around £78pcm* and rent in a city like Ryazan (where we work) is around £153 - £211pcm* for a one bedroomed apartment. So, unless you are a multiple income household, even these costs could not even be covered. Food, clothing and medicine cost only marginally less than here in the UK. Travel is cheaper.
Almost 12 million live under the poverty line in Russia.
If using subjective poverty line, almost 40% of Russians live under poverty line.
The average state pension for those who are retired, registered disabled or on social pensions is 18,555 RUB a month (£206*) in Ryazan.
For children under 18 months, parents receive around 7,000 RUB a month in child benefits (£78*).
There are around 5 million Russians who are homeless.
Impact of Sanctions
Unemployment is expected to rise from 4.6% to 9% by 1st July 2022 due to sanctions. This compares to a rate of 3.9% unemployment in the UK.
Inflation rose by 14.5% in the week ending 18th March 2022. This compares to an inflation rate of 6.2% in February 2022 in the UK.
Domestic violence is likely to surge in Russia as it is well documented that during times of conflict intimate partner violence increases and autonomy of women within households decreases.
Other Facts and Statistics
The population of Russia in 2020 was 144.1 million.
Coercive control in leadership - This article argues that the leadership of RU displays signs of typical coercive control, leaving the rest of the world like an anxious neighbour, worried but too scared to get involved.
*Exchange rates used on this page are 1 GBP = 90 RUB (correct as of 4th April 2023). Values in GBP are rounded up or down to the nearest pound.